South Sudan gained independence in 2011. Since independence, the country has faced multiple and complex challenges, including political instability, protracted organised violence with disastrous effects on food security and livelihoods, flooding in the last four years, and escalating humanitarian and economic crises. The political, peace and security environment remains unstable and fragile.
The government is still struggling to implement the peace agreement signed in 2018. There are delays in the establishment of the Hybrid Court, Permanent Constitution making, Anti-Corruption bill, the National Audit Chamber bill, the Public Financial Management and Accountability bill, and the Petroleum Revenue Management bill as outlined in the R-ARCSS Roadmap.